There is also an extensive Education Act on the State curriculum. Epperson v. Arkansas (1968), for example, stated that an Arkansas law that made the teaching of evolution illegal in public schools was a violation of the establishment clause. In Edwards v. Aguillard (1987), the judges concluded that a law in Louisiana requiring equal treatment of the science of evolution and creation in public classrooms was unconstitutional. Kitzmiller v. Dover (2005) stated that intelligent design is not a science and that it is unconstitutional to have science teachers in Dover read to students during classes a statement on evolution stating that intelligent design is a viable alternative to evolution. In short, principals and schools are allowed to censor school newspapers, literary magazines and theatrical productions. School communities are subject to state and federal laws that affect many areas of education. Can you think of three areas of law that a school administrator, principal or principal should be aware of? How about 10? The National School Boards Association provides the latest information and resources on these 15 different areas of school law: Technology also plays a role in ensuring First Amendment free speech.
If a student receives an inappropriate text message from another student on school grounds, should the school administration be involved? A judge can say that the SMS is a private matter between the sender and the recipient, which gives the administrators no power to act. Another judge might say that the text interferes with a student`s learning. Education law is evolving and school leaders need to keep abreast of updates and changes. For example, Florida school districts served nearly 3 million enrolled students in the 2020-2021 school year. It was also the school year where the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted learning around the world, forcing schools to close for face-to-face learning and switch to purely virtual or hybrid teaching models. 8. Labor law is always used in schools, so you need to make sure that all your workers are treated relatively so as not to violate labor laws. In other statutes, the equality clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, promoted by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, protects public school teachers from discrimination on the basis of race, sex, and national origin, and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 protects against discrimination on the basis of sex in educational institutions receiving federal financial assistance. Teachers are allowed to join groups of workers and run for political office, as long as these efforts do not interfere with their school responsibilities. Teachers cannot be dismissed or demoted because of pregnancy, or be denied promotion because of pregnancy. Yes, principals and teachers can search students` lockers and backpacks (New Jersey v. TLO (1985)), and yes, schools can have metal detectors, but they cannot be used only for certain groups of students and not for others.
One can imagine the law as giving some form to the web of relationships that affect schools. Define and limit laws: Who can teach; what can be taught; who is educated; and how the different parties involved in the training should deal with each other. Many aspects of school education, especially teacher-student relations, are strongly affected by the law. Increased human rights concerns and the emergence of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Youth Criminal Justice Act have a significant influence on how students and teachers are treated in schools. Special needs may require some students to receive special accommodations at school, and education laws are in place to ensure students receive the support they need. How a student is eligible for special housing, what accommodations are granted, how these accommodations are monitored and tracked, and how accommodations are funded are all factors discussed when navigating special education law. Education systems follow the processes set out in the Ontarians with Disabilities Act to assess students and adapt programs to their needs. Chris Toy, a veteran college teacher and principal, has been teaching a popular graduate course in school law for teachers and administrators for years. He gives very few lectures and instead chooses to teach the course through case studies, classroom simulations and simulated judicial activities.
When asked how important it is for educators to know about school law, he writes: Education law governs the laws, cases, and policies that govern educational institutions and aligns them with the constitutional rights promised to all individuals in the United States. on student discipline and teachers` contracts, or on regulations protecting equal access to education. It is important to learn about court decisions and statutory laws regarding the duties and powers of school officials and staff, as well as to understand laws on compulsory school attendance, school counting, child labor, control and organization. All of these topics are covered in Eastern Washington University`s M.Ed. Educational Leadership and Principal Certification Online curriculum. Most student behavior issues are dealt with by the school administration because they adhere to the student codes established in each school. Student codes of conduct often include guidelines on dress code, use of technology, school behavioural expectations, and minor disciplinary issues. Recent governance changes have put school vouchers in the spotlight. The National Education Association argues that the proposed education budget diverts funds from public education. School leaders need to understand and stay abreast of these burning issues, as they could impact school funding. While school leaders are generally considered school leaders in terms of teaching and administration, they play another crucial role: maintaining the legal compliance of schools. Therefore, school leaders, especially school leaders, need to become familiar with education law in order to be able to apply the relevant laws to their school communities.
Much of the population has experience with a public school system, but what they may not have experience with is navigating the many laws that have created and protected that experience. Education law encompasses so many different facets of the education system that it can be difficult to understand where education law ends and constitutional rights begin. Education lawyers are familiar with both areas of law and can answer the following questions: What are the different types of education law? Often, state laws focus on setting standards for evaluating teacher and student performance. Although the school administration cannot legislate, it can establish policies and conditions for the conduct of staff and students. Many of the issues addressed by K-12 schools are also issues facing colleges, such as funding, respect for student and teacher rights, and equal access to education. But there are other unique issues, such as issues with student-athletes, that may require additional attention from education advocates. The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction lists the federal and state laws that apply to its educational institutions. The administrative code covers everything from licensing and funding schools to children with disabilities and student transportation.